The increasingly complicated geometry and the long transit time to reach the final destination expose the steel and metal components to an evident risk of corrosion.
The risk increases when dealing with carbon steel parts that have a « pure » surface, which remains exposed for a sufficiently long period of time to the external environment at the end of the washing and degreasing cycle.
The protection of these metal components from corrosion therefore acquires a high strategic value within the entire production process.
Nonetheless, what the companies in this business sector need is a 360-degree protection, which should also be active during the storage and transport phases.
To achieve this, it is necessary to act directly on the washing cycles: anti-rust protection substances such as oils and waxes are used by companies at their discretion although conversion procedures such as phosphating are often used in the cleaning systems, in the case of water or solvent washing.
As we are all aware the chemical phosphating process allows to alter the surface of the metal components through the creation of phosphate crystals that enhance the corrosion resistance and the adhesion of the paint.
To fight corrosion it is necessary to protect and isolate the surface of the metal components from moisture, any aggressive substances and all other climatic factors.
Industrial metal cleaning: the focus on the main factors to « fight » against corrosion
To prevent corrosion and to identify the precautions to implement in the washing system it is important to take into consideration the
following influencing factors on the metal component surface:
- the level of sensitivity of the material being protected;
- the level of cleanliness of the surface, i.e. the presence of any residues or dirt particles;
- the type of solvent used during washing cycle;
- the thickness of the surface of the treated metal components;
- the phases of the washing cycle;
- the environmental and climatic conditions of the surrounding environment.
Usually fatty acids and amines are combined to obtain temporary corrosion protection and used during the rinsing phase, since eliminating them is relatively simple.
Fatty acids and amines form a very dense protective film on the surface of the metal components which is removed during the final stages of the production cycle and when adhesives or other coatings are to be applied.
Depending on the concentration of the anticorrosive used, the components can be protected for a period of several weeks to months or years.
The integration of the anti-corrosion protection within the industrial washing cycle of metal components
The use of the anti-corrosion protection depends on the type of technology used by the system and the type of solvent used. For its correct integration in the washing process, a dedicated tank is inserted in the system which contains the solvent and the correct quantity of anti-corrosive automatically mixed in percentage.
Once the washing cycle is finished, the washing chamber is flooded with the liquid coming from the protective tank. In this way you are absolutely sure that the entire surface of the components has been treated by immersion.
In the next phase, the liquid composed of the solvent / anti-rust mix returns to the protective tank and the components are typically dried under vacuum: thus the protective film is fixed over the entire surface of each individual piece!
Industrial metal cleaning: how long does the protection last?
You are probably wondering how long such protective film could last.
The main factors involved in this case are: the type of anti-corrosion used and the thickness of the protective film applied on the surface of the treated metal components.
A thin layer of anti-corrosion film is appropriate when the components have to be quickly assembled and sent to the customer: in this case they are so vulnerable that even a simple fingerprint can favor the corrosion of the pieces.
A thicker layer of protective film is necessary when transport and storage have a longer duration: in these circumstances VCI (Volatile Corrosion Inhibitors) materials are frequently used in order to increase, through packaging, the level of protection of metal components.
VCI materials contain a protective film and can be inserted inside the packaging in the form of paper wrapped around the components, flakes or dispensers.
After the anticorrosive effect has been activated and the inhibitors have evaporated in the air, it is necessary to use hermetically sealed containers for the storage and transportation of the components.
Finally, when choosing the anti-corrosive treatment, it is important to consider which process will be implemented at the end of the cleaning and protection phase of the metal components and whether the anti-corrosion protective film will be eliminated or not from their surface.
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